This Day in History April 27歷史上的今天 4月27日

In many countries, people take their freedom for granted. They have always had it, so they can never imagine life without it. In South Africa not long ago, things were a lot different from what they are today. This date in history is special because in 1994, South Africa held its first general election. That was the first time adults of all races were allowed to vote. This date is now South Africa's National Day called Freedom Day. It celebrates the major changes that took place in South Africa around this time. It will also help future generations of South Africans remember apartheid.


南非曾經在1948年至1994年間實行種族隔離政策,將人民分為4類: 白人、有色人種、印度人與黑人,其中有色人種為早年白人移民與黑人結合所生的混血子女的後代;印度人則包括所有來自印度的印度教徒、錫克教徒、和回教徒 等。1989年戴克拉克(Frederik Willem de Klerk)擔任總統後,釋放因反對種族隔離政策而入獄的曼德拉(Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela)(圖,資料照片),1991年更宣布廢除種族隔離政策。1993年,戴克拉克因對南非的民主貢獻,與曼德拉一同獲頒諾貝爾和平獎。


◎take...for granted
˙take it for granted + that 子句 將……視為理所當然
例: Kelly took what her parents had done for her for granted.(凱莉把她父母為她所做的一切視為理所當然。)
例: We shouldn’t take it for granted that our parents will always be around to take care of us.(我們不該認為我們的父母理當會永遠在我們身邊照顧我們。)
例:Can you imagine what it would be like if there were no wars?(你能想像世界上沒有戰爭的景象嗎?)
n. 選舉
˙general election 普選
例:Our party scored an overwhelming victory in the election.(本黨在這次的選舉中獲得壓倒性的勝利。)
◎be allowed to V
例:Students are not allowed to leave the school for lunch.(學生不准離校外出吃午餐。)
vi. 投票
˙for generations to come 在未來的世代
n. (南非的)種族隔離政策

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